Stomach cancer can be a very painful and dangerous disease. Fortunately, it is not very common in the United States, according to The Mayo Clinic. However, one of the unusual things about stomach cancer is that it is somewhat common in other parts of the world, especially Japan. There are several ways to treat stomach cancer, which may be preventable with certain lifestyle and diet changes.
Stomach cancer is a type of cancer that originates and develops in the stomach. It is also called gastric cancer. There are several different parts of the stomach, and stomach cancer may occur in any one or more than one of these sections. Additionally, different symptoms and outcomes can result from stomach cancer depending on the section or sections of the stomach in which it develops.
There are four main types of stomach cancer:
Some of the key symptoms of stomach cancer include:
Stomach cancers occur as a result of a mutation in the DNA of cells located in the stomach. The mutation causes the affected cells to grow and divide at an increased rate. It also allows those cells to continue living even in conditions when normal cells would die. As the cells continue to multiply, they form into a cancer that causes stomach cancer. The cancerous cells on the stomach tumor can then break off and spread through the body to form cancer in other areas.
Some of the risk factors for stomach cancer are related to lifestyle choices, such as:
However, some other risk factors may also come into play. If a person has a history of stomach cancer in their family, their own risk of developing this type of cancer is increased. In addition, having certain health conditions may lead to an increased risk of stomach cancer, including stomach polyps, an infection with Helicobacter pylori, long-term stomach inflammation and pernicious anemia.
Because many of the risk factors for stomach cancer are lifestyle-related, many people can take steps to avoid developing this disease. The best way to do this is through making smart diet choices. Avoid eating too many salty or smoked foods, and add more fruits and vegetables to your diet. Do not smoke, which increases your risk for many types of cancer, including stomach cancer. You should also treat any conditions which may increase your risk for this disease, such as stomach polyps.
Keep in mind that there is no surefire way to prevent stomach cancer. However, following the tips above can reduce a person’s risk considerably.
There are several treatment options for stomach cancer, including: