Synonyms: Alcohol abuse, Alcohol dependence
Medical Specialties: Family practice, Internal medicine
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse, is a chronic, progressive disease characterized by excessive intake of alcohol, impaired control over drinking and compulsive drinking, despite known adverse consequences of the behavior. The onset of withdrawal symptoms occurs with cessation of use. Treatment begins with ''detox.''
Alcoholism is a disease (and a cause of many other diseases) in which a person drinks alcohol excessively with little or no internal resistance to drinking, despite the suffering relationships, neglected family responsibilities, and negative impact on the individual’s health. Alcoholics often believe they do not have a drinking problem, but may nonetheless try to hide their drinking from others.
The drinker typically progresses through stages--from drinking for stress relief, to denial of a problem, to years of increasingly heavy drinking, and withdrawal symptoms, such as morning shakes, when attempts are made to stop drinking. A family history of alcohol abuse increases risk, as does drinking at an early age (as a teen) and having depression or anxiety. Alcoholism can be diagnosed by a trained expert who explores a person’s drinking behavior. Treatment depends on the stage of alcoholism and may include detoxification or ''detox," to medically control the body's withdrawal from alcohol, followed by a dedicated counseling program and sometimes medical therapy as well.