Asperger syndrome

Synonyms: Asperger disorder

Medical Specialties: Family practice, Pediatrics


Clinical Definition

Asperger syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder on the autistic spectrum. The condition is considered present from infancy. Individuals with Asperger syndrome may vary in clinical presentation. In general, the disorder may cause nonverbal communication difficulties, repetitive behavior, social impairment and problems with sensory input.


In Our Own Words

Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger disorder (AD), is considered a developmental disorder, which usually affects social skills and problems understanding the subtleties of nonverbal communication.

The syndrome is often grouped with other disorders, specifically those that fall under the category of autistic spectrum disorders. Asperger syndrome differs from autism, however, in that symptoms tend to be less severe, and children with the disorder do not have cognitive delays or delays in speech. 

Side Effects
  • Unusual body language
  • Monotone speech
  • Complete lack of humor
  • Problems with eye contact
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sources
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. “Asperger Syndrome Fact Sheet.” http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/detail_asperger.htm. Accessed October 2013.
  • Autism Society. “Asperger’s Syndrome.” http://www.autism-society.org/about-autism/aspergers-syndrome. Accessed October 2013.
  • University of Maryland Medical Center. “Asperger syndrome.” Updated May 2013. http://umm.edu/health/medical/ency/articles/asperger-syndrome. Accessed October 2013.
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