Synonyms: Sepsis, Septicemia, Bacteremia with sepsis
Medical Specialties: Emergency medicine, Family practice, Internal medicine
Blood poisoning, known medically as septicemia, is a condition that occurs when disease-causing organisms are living in the bloodstream, often having travelled from an infection elsewhere in the body, such as the lungs, abdomen or urinary tract. Chills and high fever are often early symptoms. Blood poisoning is serious and potentially life-threatening and requires hospitalization, often in the intensive care unit (ICU).
Blood poisoning, or septicemia, occurs when bacteria are present in the bloodstream, often from an infection that started somewhere else in the body. Many kinds of bacteria produce toxins that “poison” the blood, and in any case, septicemia is already a serious, potentially life-threatening condition that can worsen very quickly.
Early on, chills and high fever are common when affected by blood poisoning, and breathing can become rapid. The heart rate may quicken. In some cases, blood pressure drops significantly, and organ damage occurs. Immediate medical attention, including aggressive treatment, increases the chances of survival. Treatments may include antibiotics, fluids and intravenous medicines, among other options.