Fallopian tubes

Synonyms: Tubes

Medical Specialties: Family practice, Internal medicine, Obstetrics/gynecology


Clinical Definition

The fallopian tubes are two hollow tubes attached to each side of the uterus that transport the ova from the ovary to the uterus. Sperm typically fertilize ova within the fallopian tubes, and the fertilized ovum travels to the uterus for implantation. Tubal ligation is a form of permanent contraception unless it is reversed by tubal reanastomosis or tubal reversal.


In Our Own Words

A pair of hallow structures, the fallopian tubes transport eggs from an ovary, where they are produced and released, to the uterus. A single tube is attached to each side of the uterus. Egg and sperm meet and fertilization typically occurs in the fallopian tube.

 

The tubes can be closed off to prevent pregnancy, a procedure called tubal ligation. It is considered permanent contraception, but can be reversed with another procedure, tubal reversal. Whether it will restore fertility depends on the woman's age, the amount of scar tissue and other factors.

Relevant Conditions
  • Tubal ligation
  • Female infertility
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Tubal pregnancy
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sources
  • Cleveland Clinic. "Tubal Reversal." 2013. http://my.clevelandclinic.org. Accessed November 2013.
  • American Society for Reproductive Medicine. "Fallopian Tubes." 2013. http://asrm.org/topics/detail.aspx?id=1261. Accessed November 2013.
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