Synonyms: Gum disease, Periodontal disease
Medical Specialties: Other
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums caused by bacterial growth in the mouth. If not properly treated, it can progress to periodontal disease and end up destroying the tissue that supports the teeth, leading to tooth loss.
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease caused by the buildup of bacteria. Bacteria cause the gums to swell up, often making them bleed during tooth brushing. Often caused by poor oral hygiene, other factors influence the condition, like diabetes, smoking, genetics and hormonal fluctuations.
In recent clinical studies, the beneficial effect of hydrogen peroxide has been highlighted. If left untreated, gingivitis will progress into more serious gum disease called periodontitis, which can eventually lead to tooth loss and other oral maladies.