Synonyms: Excessive urination
Medical Specialties: Family practice, Internal medicine, Urology
Polyuria is excessive urination beyond the typical daily output of three liters, or just over three quarts a day. Polyuria is more prevalent with advancing age and is caused by a number of conditions, including congestive heart failure, uncontrolled diabetes and excessive intake of fluids during the day.
Polyuria is a condition in which urine output is considered higher than normal. The range for normal or average varies from person to person, but is typically about a quart or two daily for adults. Those with diabetes insipidus may produce more than four gallons of urine in a day—one extreme example of polyuria. Individuals with diabetes mellitus, when it is uncontrolled, may also experience polyuria when their glucose goes above 180 mg/dL.
Technically, polyuria is different from urinary frequency (having to go too often) and nocturia (having to go too frequently at night). When you have polyuria, you definitively produce more urine than is normal. Those who make too much urine are apt to have nocturia and urinary frequency, but the reverse is not necessarily true.