Synonyms: German measles, Three-day measles
Medical Specialties: Family practice, Internal medicine, Pediatrics
Rubella is an infectious, exanthematous disease caused by the rubivirus, a member of the togavirus family. It is characterized by a red rash and mild flu-like symptoms. The disease is usually mild in children and adults; in pregnant women, however, it can lead to fetal birth defects. Immunization is available to prevent rubella.
Rubella is a vaccine-preventable viral disease that usually causes mild illness, such as a rash. While rubella is generally not harmful to those who get the disease, it can cause pregnancy complications and health problems for the infant.
Congenital rubella syndrome (occurs when a fetus is infected with rubella while in the womb) can lead to hearing loss, mental retardation and other defects in infants. The infection is spread by contact with fluid droplets from the nose or mouth of an infected person. The incidence of rubella in the United States has dropped significantly since a vaccine has been made available.