Uterine polyps

Synonyms: Endometrial polyps

Medical Specialties: Obstetrics/gynecology


Clinical Definition

Uterine polyps are growths that occur in the endometrium, or the inner lining of the uterus, formed by the overgrowth of endometrial tissues. Hormones and estrogen level variations may be involved in their growth.


In Our Own Words

Uterine polyps are growths in the inner lining of the uterus. While the exact cause is unknown, there are several theories: Hormones (estrogen and progesterone receptors) are often involved in the formation of polyps. While they are usually benign, polyps can cause abnormal uterine bleeding and fertility issues.The endometrium's structure changes with age and with the menstrual cycle, and polyps are mostly found in women between ages 40 and 50. Many times polyps are asymptomatic.

Relevant Conditions
Side Effects
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Heavy flow during menstrual cycles
  • Bleeding or spotting between cycles
  • Vaginal spotting or bleeding after menopause
  • Infertility
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sources
  • The Cleveland Clinic. Health Information, Diseases and Conditions. Cleveland Clinic Foundation 2011. clevelandclinic.org. Accessed July 2013.
  • Women’s Health Concern. Uterine Polyps. Health Information Index. March 2010. www.womens-health-concern.org. Accessed July 2013.
  • Nappi L, Indraccolo U, Di Spiezio Sardo A, et al. “Are diabetes, hypertension and obesity independent risk factors for endometrial polyps?” NIH Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 2009; 16 (2): pages 157-162. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed July 2013.
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