Synonyms: Sex chromosome
Medical Specialties: Family practice, Internal medicine, Obstetrics/gynecology
The X chromosome is a sex chromosome, which determines gender. Typically, each cell in the body has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or a total of 46, with 22 somatic pairs and one pair of sex chromosomes. Females have two X chromosomes; males have one X and one Y.
The X chromosome is one of the sex chromosomes. The other sex chromosome is the Y chromosome. Each cell in the body typically has 22 pairs of regular chromosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes that determine a person’s gender, for a total of 46. Women are typically XX and men are typically YY. Chromosomes contain the DNA and coding genes that govern how the body grows and functions. The X and Y chromosome are the genetic material that determines if a person is a man or a woman.