Because type 1 diabetes occurs as a result of a genetic predisposition and autoimmune condition, it is difficult to prevent. Studies have revealed a correlation between vitamin D and lowered rates of type 1 diabetes, suggesting that children can prevent the onset of type 1 diabetes by drinking milk when they are young. It is believed that type 1 diabetes occurs at a higher rate among people who did not drink vitamin D-enriched milk as children.
It is also believed that a strong genetic component is linked with type 1 diabetes. If one of your immediately family members has type 1 diabetes, then you are likely to have the condition as well.
Type 2 diabetes is preventable through adjustments in diet and lifestyle. Physicians recommend that people spend at least two hours exercising per week. Even two hours of walking or jogging are sufficient. Avoid eating a diet that is high in sugar, especially if your blood work shows that you are pre-diabetic. Many people are able to effectively control their diabetes through diet and exercise, alone.
Even after you are diagnosed with diabetes, you can take measures to prevent symptoms from developing or worsening. Maintaining a healthy body weight will help you keep your type 1 or type 2 diabetes under control. With type 2 diabetes, you may not need to take medications if you are able to regulate your symptoms with a diet and exercise routine.
Other preventative measures include planning meals ahead of time, insulin injections, recognizing the symptoms of high blood sugar, recognizing the symptoms of low blood sugar, and working with a doctor to understand your condition and to plan for emergency situations. By eating at the same time every day, you can effectively prevent your blood sugar from fluctuating.
Check with your doctor before taking any precautionary steps, especially if you are thinking about a diet or exercise program. Monitor your blood glucose levels before and after meals and before and after you exercise. Make sure that you remain well hydrated with liquids that do not contain sugar, especially before, after, and during your workout. Try to exercise at the same time every day.
Your diet is very important for preventing, treating, and controlling type 2 diabetes. It is possible to avoid diabetes by maintaining healthy eating habits. Foods that are low in fat and free of partially hydrogenated fat can help people avoid diabetes. Vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds are ideal replacements for meat and dairy products that are high in fat. It is advisable to eat lean meats when possible.
After a diabetes diagnosis, people will need to be stricter with their diets. Patients with diabetes must avoid smoking and must limit and regulate how much sugar they consume. A controlled diet, when coupled with exercise, can keep diabetes and blood sugar under control.
You may need to work with a doctor to adjust your diet if you are taking part in an exercise or fitness program. Physical activity is important, especially if you have diabetes; however, working out can change how your body metabolizes energy.
You will need to test your glucose levels frequently to make sure that your levels remain within a desirable range. You may need to check your blood sugar before meals, after meals, before you exercise, and after you exercise.
Several medications are available for treating diabetes. Many patients with type 1 diabetes must take insulin, either by injection or using an insulin pump, which administers insulin under the skin. Some patients can take insulin treatments that can be inhaled.
Patients with type 2 diabetes may need to take medications that help them respond to insulin. Other medications for type 2 diabetes slow down the absorption of glucose.
If diabetes is advanced, a patient may experience neurological damage that affects the feet. A patient might also experience poor circulation. For these purposes, doctors can direct patients to diabetic shoes and socks. These are important tools for improving nerve function and blood circulation. Otherwise, a patient may develop severe fungal infections.
People with diabetes are prone to fungal infections in the foot. Damaged blood vessels impact the body's ability to fight infections. Patients who cannot fight infections may need to have their foot or leg amputated.