Diabetes Types

Published: February 5, 2012

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Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition that can begin as early as childhood. Most people are diagnosed by the time they reach early adolescence; however, some people are diagnosed as adults. The condition is lifelong and cannot be cured. In any case, treatments are available to help patients maintain healthy and balanced lives. Many people learn, from a young age, how to use treatments to keep their symptoms under control.

This condition occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. Normally, insulin assists glucose in entering tissue cells to produce energy. With type 1 diabetes, there is an insufficient amount of insulin available to facilitate this process.

As a result, people experience symptoms of exhaustion, hunger, extreme thirst, blurry vision, frequent urination, numbness, and tingling in the feet. Type 1 diabetes also causes unexplained weight loss. Even if you experience an increased appetite, you may lose a substantial amount of weight.

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes typically appear very suddenly. You might become very sick, and you may not understand why. If your blood sugar is high, you may experience stomach pain, nausea, flushing in your face, dry skin, dry mouth, and difficulty breathing. If you are taking insulin, you may be at risk for low blood sugar. If your blood sugar level falls below 70, you might start to experience a headache, nervousness, trembling, weakness, palpitations, sweating, and overwhelming hunger. Because the condition is severe and sudden, many people who are newly diagnosed may need to stay overnight at the hospital for treatment.

After diagnosis, patients typically must treat the condition for life. Type 1 diabetes patients must be careful to plan meals, monitor blood sugar levels, and take insulin injections when necessary.

Even though there is no cure for type 1 diabetes, there are treatments available to keep you regulate your condition. The treatments will help you prevent symptoms and avoid complications that include kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease, and blindness.

It is recommended that people with type 1 diabetes eat at around the same time every day and monitor food intake. This practice will prevent blood sugar levels from fluctuating. Exercise can also help people maintain a healthy body weight and keep symptoms under control. You may need to conduct regular self-tests to assess your blood sugar levels. Work with your doctor to establish a diet, exercise, and blood sugar testing schedule.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs as a result of risk factors that include age, weight, diet, and lifestyle. Many people will develop diabetes as a result of obesity and a high-glucose diet.

While type 1 diabetes occurs because the body does not produce enough insulin, type 2 diabetes occurs when there is a problem with the body's hormonal feedback mechanisms. A person with type 2 diabetes is insulin-resistant, which means that the fat, liver, and muscle tissue do not respond normally to insulin. As a result, the pancreas will produce an excess of insulin, and blood sugar will continue to accumulate in the bloodstream. Consequently, people with type 2 diabetes have high levels of insulin and sugar in their bodies.

Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is related to factors including family history and genetics. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes occurs gradually and worsens over a period of months or years. Some people will eventually require medications or surgery, while others can effectively control symptoms through diet and exercise, alone. Maintaining a fitness routine, losing weight, and eating a diet that is low in sugar can help you prevent symptoms of diabetes.

If you have type 2 diabetes, you will need to work with a dietician and doctor to plan your treatment. You will need to learn how to perform self-tests to assess your blood glucose levels, what to eat, when to eat, how to take medications, and how to take care of your health supplies. You will also need to plan ahead for when you become sick and when your blood sugar levels are high.

Type 3 Diabetes

Type 3 diabetes is a newly classified condition. With this condition, the brain stops sending signals to the pancreas to produce insulin. It is believed that type 3 diabetes is linked to Alzheimer's.

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