Presbyopia Prevention & Treatment

Published: April 19, 2010

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How to Prevent Against This

Presbyopia is unpreventable and irreversible. As you grow older, the elasticity in your eyes will degenerate, and the muscles will become weaker. Most people will start to notice their vision becoming worse between their late '30s and early '50s.

Presbyopia is natural part of the aging process that cannot be avoided. There are no conclusive precautionary treatments for avoiding or preventing this condition. Some medical professionals support the theory that certain vitamins and minerals can delay the condition. Other professionals believe that certain eye exercises are helpful for keeping the eye muscles stronger.

Underlying conditions such as diabetes can cause presbyopia to develop earlier or to make your eyesight become worse more quickly. You can prevent your eyesight from becoming worse by keeping your underlying condition under control. Be sure to tell your ophthalmologist or primary care physician if you have diabetes or another condition that might be affection your vision.

Diet Tips

There is little evidence for a diet that prevents presbyopia. In any case, some people believe that a diet that is rich in vitamin A can keep eyes healthier longer. Studies have suggested that fish oil, citrus, and leafy vegetables can help promote vision health.

Even though people believe that supplements and diet can help keep vision healthy, it is important to understand that no studies are conclusive. It is especially important to note that all people are different, so people who eat a vision-healthy diet may develop presbyopia nonetheless.

Treatment & Relief Methods

Presbyopia is not reversible. Once your vision starts to degenerate, you will not be able to regain what you have lost. You will also have little control over the rate at which your vision changes. For some people, vision generation is slow, and for others, vision degeneration is quick. Sometimes, the rate at which your vision degenerates will also change. Some peoples' vision will only change to a certain point, and other people will continue to degenerate in large or small increments.

Even though presbyopia is unpreventable and irreversible, there are still options available to help you maintain your daily routines and responsibilities at work. Instead of straining to read important documents or asking someone to read them for you, you can talk to your doctor about the various treatment options available.

For many people, over-the-counter reading glasses are sufficient. These are available at drug stores and supermarkets. After the ophthalmologist determines your required power, you will be free to shop for reading glasses as needed. Over-the-counter reading glasses are available at a relatively low cost.

For others, over-the-counter reading glasses are not sufficient. You may need a special type of lens, especially if you notice that over-the-counter glasses are making you feel tired or dizzy. Only an ophthalmologist can tell you whether you need prescription glasses. You might also do well with contact lenses that are designed to help you focus on objects close up.

Presbyopia occurs independently of other vision problems. You may have no vision problems and still have trouble focusing on objects close up, or you may have myopia (near-sightedness) as a separate condition. People who have both presbyopia and myopia will need bifocals, which are lenses that correct both kinds of vision problem. Contact lens wearers may choose to wear a different kind of lens in each eye. This technique is called monovision. Monovision can affect depth perception by altering the eye's ability to focus. Bifocal contact lenses have become available on the market to treat both problems.

Common Surgeries

There are several surgical options available for people seeking treatment for presbyopia. The first involves a lens implant. The second is a sclera expansion band, which helps create more space between the ciliary body and the lens. IntraCOR is a type of treatment available in Europe that converts both corneas into multifocal lenses. PresbyLASIK is another type of surgical procedure.

Surgical options do not necessarily cure presbyopia. Symptoms might only partially improve. Even after surgery, people might have some difficulty reading, particularly in dim lighting.

You should talk to your ophthalmologist or eye surgeon in depth before making the decision to have vision correction surgery. Not all people benefit from surgery, and unsuccessful procedures can cause serious complications.

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