Eczema is a type of skin rash that can be classified into various categories, the most common of which is atopic eczema. This rash is identifiable by the scaly, itchy red patches it leaves on a person's skin. The rash can appear almost anywhere on the body, from the scalp to the feet. Eczema is one of the few chronic skin conditions that can be maintained, treated and prevented at home to avoid the use of medication. Here is a list of possible home remedies and treatments to help you deal with eczema:
1. Do Not Scratch
Similar to other skin conditions, like bug bites, acne and the chickenpox, scratching areas afflicted by eczema can exacerbate your rash. A good measure to prevent yourself from doing this is to where gloves whenever possible, especially at night. Inadvertently scratching your eczema while you sleep is a very common misstep for dealing with this skin condition. Also, be sure to keep your fingernails trimmed short. If you find that the itching caused by eczema is severe or unbearable, try using a cold compress or towel for relief. Keeping the affected area covered with bandages is also an effective way to protect it from scratching.
2. Keep Your Skin Moisturized
Whether you are using natural skin moisturizers or topical creams and ointments, it is important to always keep your skin moisturized. Using a cold compress or towel to relieve itching is also useful for keeping the skin moist. Make sure you stay properly hydrated as well by drinking plenty of water. A humidifier is also useful at night to keep sensitive skin from becoming dry.
3. Warm Baths and Mild Soaps
Try taking a warm bath to help treat your eczema. You can use a similar home remedy to chicken pox by adding oatmeal to your bath, which should help with any itching problems. You'll also want to use mild soaps to keep your skin clean without irritating it. Mild soaps and warm baths are good for avoiding further irritation and dry skin. When you've finished your bath, avoid being rough on your skin when you dry yourself off. Try patting yourself down with a towel, especially around areas that are affected by eczema to avoid irritating your skin by rubbing it too hard.
4. Be Mindful of Your Clothing
Certain fabrics, like wool, can cause irritation and trigger eczema around the body. If eczema is appearing in one particular area of the body, think about any type of clothing material that might be responsible. Certain laundry detergents can also trigger eczema due to the chemicals they contain. You might want to try switching laundry detergents to prevent further eczema outbreaks. You should also avoid any clothing that hugs your skin, and materials that might feel a bit rough to the touch. Chaffing and scratching caused by clothing can be another cause of your eczema.
5. Avoid Excessive Sweating
A sudden rise in body temperature, excessive sweating and overheating can also trigger eczema or exacerbate current conditions. Try to avoid high stress situations that may cause you to sweat and overheat. Wear clothing that allows your skin to breathe and make sure you get proper ventilation, especially if you have very sensitive skin.
6. Take Note of Possible Allergens
In some cases, an allergic reaction to a type of food or something in the air can trigger eczema, or make the skin condition worse. Upon experiencing an eczema outbreak, or if skin conditions worsen, try to identify potential allergens, like a certain food or pet dander, and record your findings to help prevent further outbreak.
7. Set Restrictions on Hygienic Items
Constantly changing soaps, creams, body sprays and moisturizers that you use on your body can make it hard to control or prevent eczema outbreaks. Restrict yourself to only one type of each hygienic product that makes contact with your skin. By doing this, you can monitor what products are more likely to cause eczema or make the skin condition worse.
Other Things to Take Note Of
Infants are commonly afflicted by eczema on various parts of their body. If you can identify a skin irritant, you might want to watch out for what the mother is eating while the child is breastfeeding. According to the National Library of Medicine, studies show that children who are breast-fed up to 4-months of age are less likely to develop eczema. It should also be noted that eczema can be caused by genetics and tends to run in families.