3 Treatment Options for Spider Veins in the Legs
The most common approach to treating varicose veins includes wearing compression stockings, especially when throbbing, tingling and pain in the legs plagues patients. Properly fitting support hose apply pressure to the veins to ease the discomfort of varicose veins. Patients can purchase compression stockings at department and drug stores, and should replace the stockings when they become loose or torn.
Lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly and elevating legs while sleeping or sitting can help to treat varicose veins. Individuals required to stand for long periods of time should take frequent breaks to sit and elevate the feet. People who are overweight should work to reduce weight to minimize the pressure on the legs. Proper skin hygiene also helps to treat varicose veins.
Medical treatment for varicose veins may involve sclerotherapy, which includes injection solution into the varicose veins to cause them to disappear or collapse. The procedure is performed by a medical professional under the guidance of an ultrasound. Sclerotherapy injects a sclerosing agent mixed with foam that moves blood out of the vein to allow the solution to reach the vein wall. This therapy can help to relieve discomfort and prevent complications that may occur, such as an ulceration or venous hemorrhage. Many patients opt for sclerotherapy for cosmetic reasons to eliminate the appearance of dark purple veins visible on the legs.
Laser and Light Therapy
Patients can also opt for laser and light therapy to shrink the blood vessels. Laser therapy uses heat to minimize the appearance of varicose veins and may require several sessions to treat the veins. Light therapy applies a spectrum of light to the affected area to shrink abnormally sized veins. Both laser and light therapy can be performed in addition to sclerotherapy and lifestyle changes to reduce pain and discomfort of varicose veins.
Healthy veins return blood to the heart, providing nutrients and oxygen that the body needs as a critical function of the cardiovascular system. Swelling, pain or heaviness in the leg accompanied by twisted, raised or purple skin often indicates the presence of varicose veins, which may cause discomfort. Varicose veins often produce swollen legs, muscle cramps, and itching, burning, throbbing or tingling in the legs. Treatment options and self-care can help reduce the pain and cosmetic flaw that accompany varicose veins. Patients should consult with a medical professional to determine the best course of action to treat varicose veins.