4 Early Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

May 7th 2016

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can often be managed by making strict dietary changes, managing blood sugar levels on a daily basis, and maintaining a healthy body weight. However, when the disease is left untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as blindness, diabetic coma and nerve damage. If you are at risk of developing diabetes and are experiencing any potential warning signs, make sure that you consult with a physician as soon as possible.

Increased Urination

Increased urination is a common early warning sign of type 2 diabetes that occurs as a direct result of excess blood sugar. When glucose isn't transferred correctly to the body's cells, the kidneys work extra hard to flush it into the urine, leading to frequent urination.

Excessive Thirst

Excessive thirst is another symptom of type 2 diabetes that typically accompanies frequent urination. When the body eliminates large amounts of urine on a continual basis, mild dehydration is a common side effect. In diabetics, this pattern often results in a thirst that is difficult to quench regardless of the amount of fluid they drink. Naturally, the more people drink, the more they urinate, which is why the symptoms tend to occur simultaneously.

Blurred Vision

High blood sugar levels can cause swelling of the eye lenses, resulting in blurred vision. In diabetics, this symptom tends to come on rapidly. It can often be remedied by lowering blood sugar levels with medication and dietary changes.

Increased Hunger

When the body lacks the ability to correctly absorb blood sugar into muscle, liver and fat cells, the organs become easily exhausted and require additional energy in order to function, resulting in increased hunger. The pancreas also produces excess amounts of insulin. This process "tricks" the brain into believing the body is famished, leading to intense food and sugar cravings.

Conclusion

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition whereby liver, muscles and fat cells are resistant to insulin, a substance that helps these cells absorb blood sugar. When this process is hindered, glucose builds up in the blood, leading to a host of symptoms that gradually occur over an extended period of time.

The condition is most common in obese or overweight individuals, but can also occur in people with normal to thin body types, particularly the elderly. While type 2 diabetes is considered a lifelong illness, its symptoms can be controlled through diet, medications and lifestyle changes, especially when the condition is identified early. Understanding the early warning symptoms of type 2 diabetes is essential for getting a timely diagnosis and treatment.

Sources

Diabetes.org "Diabetes symptoms" http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/symptoms/?referrer=https://www.google.com/
WebMD.com "Type 2 diabetes overview" http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/type-2-diabetes
MayoClinic.org "Type 2 diabetes" http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/basics/symptoms/con-20031902
nlm.nih.gov "Type 2 diabetes" http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000313.htm
EverydayHealth.com "Could you have type 2 siabetes?" http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/photos/9-warning-signs-of-type-2-diabetes.aspx#02

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