4 Treatment Options for Chlamydia
A daily, single, or oral dose of generic azithromycin, an antibiotic also known as Zithromax, taken for seven to 14 days usually cures a chlamydia infection within one week. Doctors recommend this treatment regimen for uncomplicated infections that remain in the genitourinary tract. A primary care physician may also recommend a sexual partner receive treatment as well. Patients should abstain from sexual activity until the infection goes away completely.
Doxycycline, otherwise known as Vibramycin, represents another treatment option. Patients take this antibiotic in 100-milligram doses, twice daily, for seven days. Alternative oral antibiotics include erythromycin, ofloxacin and levofloxacin. Dosages of these alternative medications range from 300 to 800 milligrams and one to four times per day. Women should receive another screening for chlamydia three to four months after finishing antibiotics.
Pregnant women generally receive amoxicillin as a treatment regimen. Pregnant patients should follow up with a doctor three weeks following the course of antibiotics for rescreening. Chlamydia infections may pass the baby when the infant goes through the birth canal, so patients should try to cure the infection before giving birth. Babies may show signs of infection in the eyes, mouth or lungs from one to three months in age.
Intravenous Antibiotics or Surgery
Women who have more serious chlamydia infections may receive intravenous antibiotics in a hospital if stronger doses of oral antibiotics do not cure the disease within 14 days. Stronger treatments usually occur after a physician diagnoses the patient with pelvic inflammatory disease. If intravenous antibiotics fail to cure the patient, a doctor may perform surgery to remove any abscesses. If a pelvic abscess ruptures, the infection may spread to the entire pelvic and abdominal regions. A surgeon inserts a laparoscope
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control recommends women at risk for chlamydia receive screenings at least once year. This means all women under the age of 25 who are sexually active and older women with multiple sex partners should have a routine check up by a doctor. Patients should see a doctor if they notice an odorless, mucus-like discharge from the cervix with no external symptoms. Otherwise, women may not show any symptoms of chlamydia infections.