Understanding Your Treatment Options for Rosacea

May 7th 2016

Medicines

Your doctor may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics to treat rosacea, depending on its severity. Antibiotics have an anti-inflammatory effect that reduces swelling around your face. These treatments may come in the form of gels, lotions or creams that you spread over the affected area. Antibiotic pills may reduce the severity of rosacea faster, but oral antibiotics may have more side effects. Anti-acne drugs such as isotretinoin may help clear up lesions that appear due to rosacea. This drug normally works for patients with severe cystic acne. Rosacea around the eyes may require special ophthalmologic creams and eye drops. If you have rosacea around your eyelids, seek the advice of an eye doctor to help determine what treatment regimen to follow.

Sunscreens and Moisturizers

Sunscreens help reduce redness due to sunlight exposure, as 81 percent of rosacea patients note sun exposure as the top cause of flare-ups. Look for sunscreen that contains no harsh chemicals along with zinc or titanium oxide. Your sunscreen should protect against UVA and UVB rays with an SPF of 15 or greater. Try a sensitive skin formula to help prevent any irritation.

Use moisturizers specially formulated to help prevent redness and irritation associated with rosacea. These types of moisturizers may calm your face so your skin does not feel like it hurts. Some products may contain a greenish tint to help neutralize the color of redness so your skin looks normal.

Surgical Procedures

Several surgical procedures may shrink swollen blood vessels, reduce the amount of nose tissue and improve the appearance of your skin. A dermatologist may recommend different procedures based on the subtype of rosacea you have. Lasers or intense pulsed light therapy may help reduce facial redness over the course of several treatments.

Skin thickening around the nose, a common problem with men who have rosacea, has several surgical options ranging from cryosurgery and skin grafting to radiofrequency ablation and electrosurgery tangential excision. Cryosurgery freezes portions of the skin, while radiofrequency ablation burns the outer surface. Doctors may use dermabrasion to remove outer layers of skin to lessen the thickness of the nose. Electrosurgery cuts away the skin using small charges of electricity.

Conclusion

Rosacea causes redness, puffiness, irritation and acne around the cheeks, nose, eyes and forehead. Treatment options for this disease revolve around how rosacea appears on the face, and a dermatologist notes your symptoms and determines the proper course of action. Although no cure for rosacea currently exists, some treatments help lessen the effects of the disease. Discover the main treatment regimens for rosacea with this handy guide.

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