What Is Potentially Causing Your Sinus Infection?

May 7th 2016

Sinus infections are usually easily treatable when properly diagnosed and caught in time. When left untreated, sinus infections can lead to complications such as abscesses, eye infections and bone infections. Understanding the risk factors of sinusitis and taking the appropriate preventative measures when managing cold and allergy symptoms can often help to prevent secondary sinus infections from occurring. When diagnosed with a sinus infection, taking every dose of the prescribed medication and visiting a doctor for follow-up testing can also help to ensure that the infection is completely eliminated, allowing for a healthy recovery.

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal passages brought on by a response to outdoor pollens, dust mites and mold spores. When the sinuses become inflamed, nasal secretions can become blocked inside the nasal passages, which can lead to the development of bacteria. While antibiotics can usually remedy the infection, it is important for an allergy sufferer to follow the doctor's orders and take allergy medicines as directed to prevent recurrence.

The Common Cold

Sinus infections are often secondary infections that develop in individuals with common cold viruses. When the nasal passages become inflamed due to excessive congestion that often accompanies a cold, this can lead to irritation of the nasal tissues and bacterial growth.

While there is no way to predict whether a sinus infection will occur following a cold, flushing the nasal passages with saline solution may help to keep the nasal secretions moving and prevent bacterial growth.

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are benign growths that develop inside the nasal passages. In many cases, nasal polyps are small in size and cause no problems. However, larger polyps can hinder the flow of nasal secretions and cause severe congestion, which can create a breeding ground for bacteria.

Symptoms of nasal polyps include congestion, facial pain, decreased sense of smell and postnasal drip. Individuals with nasal polyps may experience facial pain, especially around the eyes. When chronic sinus infections are the result of nasal polyps, corticosteroid medications that work to reduce swelling are often recommended.

Conclusion

Sinus infections, also referred to as sinusitis, occur when the sinus cavities and nasal passages become inflamed due to an overgrowth of bacteria. Symptoms of a sinus infection include severe nasal congestion, a headache in the center of the forehead, post-nasal drip and facial pain.

In certain cases, the top teeth that are closest to the sinuses can also be affected. Sinus infections often require treatment with antibiotics, and recurrence is common. If you're suffering from a sinus infection, consulting with a physician can help to determine the underlying cause and ensure an appropriate treatment plan to help avoid recurrence.

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