Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control. This ranges in severity from leaking urine when coughing or sneezing to having a physical or mental impairment that makes it impossible to reach the toilet in time. This condition can affect people of any age but becomes more common in people as they get older.
Behavioral techniques are the most common treatments for urinary incontinence. These include managing fluid intake, bladder training, double voiding and making scheduled trips to the bathroom. In more severe instances, doctors may prescribe medication or devices as a bladder leakage treatment.
Interstitial cystitis is a chronic bladder condition that causes pelvic or bladder pain and frequent urination. This is more commonly a women's bladder problem and often mimics the symptoms of a urinary tract infection. Doctors often prescribe medications to help manage the pain and other symptoms that go along with interstitial cystitis. These might include anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants and antihistamines.
Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the United States, and it affects men more than women. This type of cancer starts in the lining of the bladder, but it can affect other parts of the urinary tract as well. Cancer bladder symptoms include blood in the urine, painful urination and pelvic pain. Back pain and overactive bladder are also common.
Treatments for bladder cancer vary depending on the type, grade and stage as well as the overall health of the patient. Treatment often includes a combination of one or more of the following: surgery, chemotherapy in the bladder, chemotherapy in the whole body, radiation therapy and immunotherapy.
Hematuria is the medical term for blood in the urine. While this can be a symptom of bladder problems like cancer, it's often not that serious. There are dozens of reasons why blood can appear in your urine, including menstruation in women, urinary tract infection, overexertion during a workout, certain medications or an injury to the kidneys.
There is no single treatment for hematuria since there are so many different causes. Some types don’t require any treatment. If the cause is an infection, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics.