Eczema 101: Everything You Need to Know About Dermatitis

Medically Reviewed by Madeline Hubbard, RN, BSN

Photo Courtesy: Boissonnet/BSIP/Getty Images

Have you ever had a red, itchy rash that does not go away — or that flares up time and again? Chances are, it may be eczema, or, as it's sometimes known, dermatitis. Although mild eczema is not life threatening, it can be extremely uncomfortable, and severe forms of it can greatly impact the quality of life for those affected. 

Symptoms vary depending on the type of eczema and from person-to-person, but usually include eczema goes hand-in-hand with dry, scaly, red, and/or itchy skin. If left untreated, constant scratching may lead to bleeding, crusting, or broken skin, which leaves the patient more at risk to possible infection. So, what exactly is eczema — and what can you do to manage it?