The Most Common Causes of Hip Replacement Surgery

Medically Reviewed by Carolin Schneider, MD

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A total hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a procedure in which a surgeon removes your hip joint and replaces it with a prosthetic joint. Typically, the doctor makes one long incision in your hip to remove the bone and cartilage that have been damaged. There’s also a less invasive version of this surgery in which the surgeon makes one or two smaller incisions to install the joint implant. This can result in a quicker recovery time.

In the United States, surgeons perform more than 450,000 hip replacements each year. There are a few different reasons why your healthcare provider may recommend you for a hip replacement surgery. Arthritis of various kinds can damage joints not just in your hip, but also in your knees and hands. Fractures or breaks can damage the joint and may cause swelling and pain. Arthrosis in your hips can also cause joints to rub together, which can be painful long term. Learn more about these and other conditions that often result in the need for hip replacement surgery.