Nerve damage often develops following a disease or injury, and it can cause a number of uncomfortable sensations and symptoms. Fortunately, there's a variety of ways you can find relief and ease the pain associated with nerve damage's sensory effects. If you live with nerve pain, learn more about it and potential treatment options to discuss with your doctor to begin boosting your well-being and living a more comfortable life.
What Is Nerve Damage?
Your nervous system is a network of nerve cells that transmit signals between your brain and spinal cord and the rest of your body. Many of your nerves are the "messengers" in this network, delivering information to your brain about sensations they're detecting and feeling in the areas of your body in which they're located. Your brain registers and processes these sensations, which causes you to physically feel the sensations about which your nerves are delivering information. Your body also has motor nerves, which control the movements that your muscles make, and autonomic nerves, which control many of your bodily functions like your heart rate and digestive processes.
There are dozens of different types of nerve damage, and they can result from a variety of different causes. Some of the most common causes are infections, trauma, nutritional deficiencies and various diseases like cancer and diabetes. When nerves become damaged for whatever reason, it means they're not working the way they typically would. They might endure physical damage, such as compression from a cancerous tumor, or they may become unable to perform their usual jobs because your body isn't getting the nutrients it needs for the nerves to carry out their typical functions.
The basis of nerve damage is that the signals between your brain and nerves are disrupted in some way that prevents normal functioning. When damage occurs, your nerves may also begin sending false signals to your brain, making you feel as though something painful is happening even when it isn't, and causing other symptoms.