Symptoms and Treatments for Swollen Lymph Nodes in the Groin

May 7th 2016

Talk to your doctor if your groin area is tender, inflamed or painful due to enlarged lymph nodes. Medical professionals can conduct further tests to determine the cause of these symptoms, make a proper diagnosis and suggest treatment. Some infections or conditions near the groin may not cause swollen lymph glands, so it's important to see a physician if something seems abnormal for more than a few days.

Symptoms of Swollen Lymph Nodes

Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes include pain and tenderness in and around the nodes, and you may have a fever or night sweats. The swelling may make the node the size of a kidney bean or larger. Your swollen lymph nodes may harden and become fixed, depending on the immune response.

Swollen lymph nodes throughout your body may indicate a general infection. A blocked lymph node too far under your skin to feel could be the cause of a swollen limb.

Diagnosis

Swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin could point to a localized infection in that part of the body, such as an abscess, boil or cut on the skin. An injury, such as a puncture wound, sprain, strain or bone break near the groin, may cause swollen lymph nodes.

A sudden inflammation of lymph nodes usually means an injury or infection. A doctor may diagnose a gradual and painless enlargement as a malignancy or tumor. Conditions or diseases that may cause swollen lymph glands include cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, syphilis, coccidioidomycosis and lupus.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause of the swollen lymph nodes in the groin. Antibiotics treat any bacterial infections within your body, and you may receive them topically, orally or intravenously, depending on how far the infection has spread. The type of antibiotics prescribed depends on the condition that caused the infection.

If your doctor determines cancer is the cause of the inflamed lymph nodes, treatment options include surgical removal of the cancer, radiation treatments that target a cancerous tumor, or chemotherapy drugs that destroy fast-growing, malignant cancer cells in your body.

If you have an immune disorder such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, the treatment for this underlying condition should return your lymph nodes to their normal shape and size.

Conclusion

Lymph glands appear all over your body, in the head, neck, armpits and groin area. Lymph glands are round, bean-shaped tissues about 1/2 inch across. Illness may cause the lymph nodes to swell to two or three times their normal size, and you can feel them bulging underneath the skin. Swelling in the lymph nodes of the groin area may indicate several underlying conditions.

Sources

MayoClinic.org "Swollen lymph nodes" http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/swollen-lymph-nodes/basics/symptoms/con-20029652
MedicineNet.com "Swollen lymph nodes" http://www.medicinenet.com/swollen_lymph_nodes/page3.htm
WebMD.com "Swollen glands" http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/swollen-glands
NIH.gov "Swollen lymph nodes in the groin" http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/9000.htm

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