What Is Kidney Failure?

A patient with kidney failure undergoes dialysis treatment. Photo Courtesy: Helen H. Richardson/Denver Post/Getty Images

Kidney disease affects an estimated 37 million people living in the United States, and, according to the National Kidney Foundation, it is “the under-represented public health crisis” — in part because around 90% of people who have chronic kidney disease aren’t aware that they have it or that it can lead to complete kidney failure. This lack of awareness about kidney disease highlights exactly why it’s so important to learn more about what it is, how to recognize it and the role it plays in kidney failure.