3 Most-Common Causes of Hip Replacement Surgery

May 7th 2016

Hip replacement surgery is required when everyday activities are limited as a result of pain, stiffness and swelling caused by the hip joint. Although there are other treatment options, this procedure is required when artificial parts are the only method of reducing pain or improving mobility.

Osteoarthritis

The most common reason for hip replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the result of cartilage breaking down around the areas where the joints and the ends of the bones meet. When the cartilage starts to disintegrate, the bones of the joint begin rubbing together. Over a period of time, growths of bone, known as spurs, start forming around the joint. This growth leads to stiffness and pain. Hip replacement surgery is an option that relieves pain and stiffness associated with osteoarthritis.

Damaged Hip Joint

Injuries, fractures and bone tumors can cause damage to the hip joint. Surgery is the most effective method of repairing the damaged hip joint. There are non-evasive treatments that help relieve pain associated with damaged hip joints, however, doctors recommend hip replacement surgery when the pain or stiffness begins interfering with the ability to perform daily activities.

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteonecrosis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a medical condition that occurs when the body's immune system begins attacking the membrane that borders the joint. Rheumatoid arthritis leads to inflammation, stiffness and pain. In some cases, this medical condition can destroy the joint entirely. Osteonecrosis is a medical condition that can lead to the destruction of the bone. This condition occurs when the blood supply of the bone is restricted, which causes the bone to die. Both conditions are severe in nature and require hip replacement surgery.

Conclusion

The purpose of hip replacement surgery is to remove diseased or damaged areas of the hip joint. This procedure replaces parts of the hip joint with artificial, man-made parts. Hip replacement surgery is used to enhance movement, relieve pain and improve walking. This surgery is required for patients that need the hip joint to work more efficiently. Although there are multiple causes for hip replacement surgery, common causes include osteoarthritis and damage as a result of injuries or fractures.

Sources

NIH.gov "What is a hip replacement?" http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/hip_replacement/hip_replacement_ff.asp
WebMD.com "Questions and answers about hip replacement" http://www.webmd.com/arthritis/about-hip-replacement

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