5 Treatment Options for Hemorrhoids
There are two different types of hemorrhoids, each requiring different treatment methods. Hemorrhoids can be treated using noninvasive procedures or surgery. However, changes in diet, lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications are usually required to ensure the condition does not return.
When hemorrhoids create mild discomfort or subtle symptoms, doctors may recommend over-the-counter suppositories, creams, pads or ointments. These types of products generally contain ingredients such as hydrocortisone and witch hazel that can help relieve itching and pain temporarily. In combination with medication, doctors may suggest a change in diet and warm sitz baths to help treat hemorrhoids.
Rubber Band Ligation
This minimally invasive procedure requires placing one or two small rubber bands around the base of internal hemorrhoids. This process is used to cut off circulation to the hemorrhoid and causes it to wither and fall off. Rubber band ligation generally takes up to one week and is an effective treatment option for most people.
Injection or Sclerotherapy
Injection is a procedure that introduces a chemical solution into internal hemorrhoids, causing them to shrink. This process closes off the hemorrhoid and involves a minimal amount of pain. Although injection has proven successful for some people, this procedure is not as effective as rubber band ligation.
Coagulation or Cauterization
This treatment option involves the use of a laser beam, electric probe or infrared light to produce a small burn that painlessly seals the end of the hemorrhoid, allowing it to shrink. Coagulation or cauterization is most effective for prolapsed hemorrhoids.
When other treatment options are unsuccessful, hemorrhoid removal or stapling are viable options. Hemorrhoid removal is the most effective way to treat severe cases of external hemorrhoids. This procedure simply removes excess tissue. Hemorrhoid stapling blocks the flow of blood to the hemorrhoid, which helps the hemorrhoid heal quickly.
Hemorrhoids are inflamed and swollen veins located in the lower rectum and anus. External hemorrhoids develop around the anus, under the skin. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum. Treatment options vary considerably depending on the type of hemorrhoids. This medical condition occurs as a result of increased pressure on veins, chronic diarrhea or constipation and strain during bowel movements. In most cases, relief from itching, burning or discomfort comes from making lifestyle changes or using home treatments. Severe cases require minimally invasive procedures or surgery.