5 Signs You Might Have Diabetes
Simple blood tests, such as the A1C, or glycated hemoglobin test, as well as fasting blood sugar and glucose tolerance tests measure blood sugar levels. If you notice one or more of the symptoms of diabetes in your own body, call your doctor to ask for appropriate testing.
As excess glucose builds up in a diabetic's bloodstream, the kidneys go to work to remove it. They have to flush excess glucose out in the urine, which results in more frequent urination. Paired with this is excessive thirst, since the body needs more fluids to keep producing the large amounts of urine. If you find yourself going to the bathroom every hour or so, and if you consume large quantities of water and other fluids each day, you may be experiencing symptoms of diabetes.
While there are many reasons for general fatigue, one of the causes can be the body's inability to metabolize glucose properly. If the kidneys are working hard to flush excess glucose out of the system, you may find yourself without the energy you need to get through the day. While fatigue alone is not a reason to suspect you have diabetes, if it's combined with other diabetic symptoms, it is a reason to get your blood glucose tested.
Weight Gain or Loss
Either unexpected weight gain or weight loss can be a symptom of diabetes. When the excess glucose in a diabetic's bloodstream is washed away in urine, the person loses calories and may end up losing weight. However, because all that sugar never reaches the body's cells to provide energy, the person may also feel constantly hungry and respond by eating even more, leading to weight gain. Sometimes the feeling of hunger even persists while a diabetic is in the middle of eating. Weight loss is more common in Type 1 diabetes.
When blood sugar is high, fluids are pulled out of the body's tissues, including the tissues of the eye. This can result in blurred vision initially. If diabetes continues uncontrolled, it can produce permanent changes in the retina, sometimes resulting in blindness.
Although scientists aren't sure of the mechanism, those with diabetes often have trouble fighting off infections. This can lead to cuts, bruises and sores that are slow to heal. In women, it can also lead to vaginal yeast infections that never seem to go away. Sometimes, this symptom manifests in the mouth as gum infections and other dental problems. If you notice these symptoms in conjunction with other diabetic symptoms, see your doctor for testing.
The symptoms of diabetes are often subtle and not immediately obvious, so people who develop Type 2 diabetes don't always realize what's happening. If you recognize yourself in the symptoms below, head to a doctor to have your blood glucose tested and receive treatment if necessary.